• Dr. Ravinder Malhotra


    • M.Sc. (Agricultural Statistics)
    • Ph.D. (Agricultural Statistics)

    Major Research Accomplishments:

    • Multi-trait evaluation of Karan-Fries cattle for higher productivity and fertility
    • Machine learning approach to predict the fertility of Murrah bulls
    • Modelling production and reproductive performance in dairy cattle using time series analysis
    • Modelling of rheological behavior of selected dairy products using a machine learning approach
    • Development and evaluation of additives for small scale silage production


    • ES-413:  Industrial Statistics
    • CS-311:  ICT in Dairy Industry & Operations Research
    • ES-222: Operations Research
    • ES-617: Statistical Methods for Social Sciences
    • ES-627: Statistics for Industrial Application
    • ES-628: Design of Experiments
    • ES-713: Operations Research
    • FP-715: Experimental Techniques in Agronomy

    Recent publications:

    • Roy, Arnab and Malhotra, R., (2018).Household Consumption of Dairy Products-An analysis of Consumer Behaviour in Kolkata. Indian Journal of Dairy Science, 71(6): 604-10.
    • Kharkwal, S. and Malhotra, R. (2018). Cropping Pattern and Economics of Cereals Production in Diverse Seasons of Uttarakhand Hills. Journal of Plant Development Sciences, 10(11) : 605-610.
    • Roy, Arnab, Malhotra, R., Behera S., and Raghupathi R. (2018).Determination of factors influencing consumption pattern of milk in Kolkata metropolitan: An application of multinomial logistic regression analysis. Green Farming , 9(6):1076-1080.
    • Kumari, B., and Malhotra, R. (2019). Socio-Economic Empowerment of Women through Women Dairy Co-Operatives: A Study of Begusarai District of Bihar. Indian Journal of Economics and Development, 15 (1): 91-97.
    • Lalrinsangpuii and Malhotra, R. (2016). Dairy Based Farming: Economic Analysis for Viable Livelihood Opportunity for Jhum Practicing Tribal People of Mizoram state, International Journal of Bio-Resource and Stress Management, 7(3): 480-484.
    • Lalrinsangpuii and Malhotra, R. (2016). Resource Use Efficiency in Milk Production in Mizoram State of North East India. Journal of Animal Research, 6(3): 431.435.
    • Lalrinsangpuii, Malhotra, R. and Laishram Priscilla (2016). Economics of milk production and its constraints in Mizoram. Indian Journal of Dairy Science 69(5): 588-594.
    • Lalrinsangpuii and Malhotra, R. (2016). Profit Efficiency among Smallholders Milk Producers in Mizoram State. Indian Journal of Economics and Development, 12 (2): 347-352.
    • Lalrinsangpuii and Malhotra, R. (2016). Agricultural Diversification in North Eastern Region of India. International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Research, (accepted on 27th June, 2016). (IF: 4.7129)
    • Lalrinsangpuii, Malhotra, R. and Laishram Priscilla (2016). Economics of Underutilized Crop Production in Mizoram. Indian Journal of Hill Farming, 29(1): 44-49.
    • Lalrinsangpuii, Malhotra, R. and Lalrengpuii Sailo (2016). Production and Consumption Pattern of Milk and Meat in Northeastern Region of India. Agricultural Rural Development, 3: 15-18.
    • Lalrinsangpuii, Malhotra, R., Laisram Priscilla and Bulbul G. Nagrale (2016). Profit efficiency among Jhum tribal people of Mizoram state. Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 17 (3): 374-382.
    • Kumari, B., Malhotra, R. and Chauhan, A.K. (2016). Impact of Women Dairy Co-operatives on Economics of Milk Production in Begusarai District of Bihar. Indian Journal of Dairy Science, 69(4) pp: 487-491.
    • Kumari, B. and Malhotra, R. (2016). Impact of Women Dairy co-operative Societies on Income and Employment of Women in Begusarai District of Bihar. Agricultural Economics Research Review, 29(2) pp: 313-318.
    • Kumari, B., Malhotra, R., Singh, P. and Lal, P. (2017). Impact of Women Dairy Co-operative Societies on Marketed Surplus of Milk in Bihar. Indian Journal of Economics and Development, 13 (2a).
    • Patbandha T.K., Ravikala K., Maharana B.R., Pathak R. , Marandi S., Gajbhiye U. , Mohanty T.K.  and Malhotra R. (2016)  Receiver operating characteristic analysis of milk lactose for identification of mastitis in buffaloes Indian J. Anim. Res., 50 (6) : 969-973.
    • Wadkar, S.K., Singh, K., Mohammad, A., Malhotra, R. and Kale, R.B. (2016). Identifying the factors governing attitude towards the e-Agriservice among dairy farmers in Maharashtra, India. Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics 117(1): 1-10.
    • Puri, R., Khamrui, K., Khetra, Y., Malhotra, R. and Devraja, H.C. (2015). Quantitative descriptive analysis and principal component analysis for sensory characterization of Indian milk product cham-cham. Journal of Food Science and Technology. DOI:10.1007/s13197-015-2089-4. (Online First: November 15).
    • Manoj M, Gupta, A.K. , Mohanty, T K , Aslam, M K M, Chakravarty A K, Singh A, Malhotra, R and Gandhi, R S (2015) Non genetic factors influencing fertility problems in Murrah buffaloes Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 85 (5): 485–88.
    • Wadkar, S.K., Singh, K., Kadian, K.S., Malhotra, R. and Garde, Y.A. (2015). Comparative study on effectiveness of the aAQUA e-Agriservice among dairy farmers of Maharashtra. Indian Journal of Dairy Science 68(4): 408-411.

    Dr. Adesh Kumar Sharma


    • PhD (Computer Science), Thapar University, Patiala (India) – 2007
    • Post M.Sc. Diploma (Computer Science), Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra (KUK) India – 1988.
    • M.Sc.(Statistics with Operations Research) – KUK – 1987.
    • B.Sc. (Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics) – KUK – 1985.

    Major Research Accomplishments

    • Feed-forward connectionist models based on Back-Propagation, Radial Basis Function and Generalised Regression learning algorithms for prediction of milk production in crossbred Karan-Fries dairy cattle as well as in Murrah buffaloes (pioneering work in Indian Dairy Sector).
    • Connectionist and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system based predictive models for shelf life enhancement of some indigenous dairy products.
    • Novel ‘weights initialisation’ technique based on the cubic-spline interpolation method, for connectionist models.
    • Modelling moisture sorption isotherms in various indigenous milk products using emerging Soft Computing approaches vis-à-vis classical regression and sorption methods.
    • Predicting antioxidant capacity of whey protein hydrolysates using soft computing models.
    • Web-enabled information system on availability and sources of superior germplasm of cattle and buffaloes.
    • Web-based decision support system for farm management by monitoring the herd strength and expected producing ability of cattle and buffaloes.
    • Web-based information system on national collection of dairy cultures.
    • E-course for the e-learning system for B.Tech. (Dairy Technology) students for all Dairy Science Colleges of the country.
    • Development and Testing of an Educational Interactive DVD on Improved Dairy Farming Practice (IDFP’s) in Tamil Nadu’.


    • Indian Dairy Association (IDA) bestowed the First Best Paper Award (Commercial Aspects of Dairy Sector) for the Year 2002 on the paper: Sharma, A. K., Jain, D. K., Sharma, D. K., 2002. Computer–assisted total quality management in dairy plants. Indian Dairyman 54(7), 61–70.
    • IDA conferred the First Best Paper Award (Technical Aspects of Dairy Sector) for the Year 2002 on the paper: Sharma, A. K., Jain, D. K., Singh, S., 2002. Relevance of IPR in dairy research and education: an Indian perspective. Indian Dairyman 54(1), 29–34


    • National Training Programme on ‘Big Data Management & Comprehensive Analysis’ organised by Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) at Mohali (Punjab) under the aegis of the Department of Science & Technology, Govt. of India, during February 11-15, 2019.
    • Workshop on “Fuzzy Sets, Fuzzy Logic and its Applications in Big Data Analytics” organised by Thapar University, Patiala during April 12-15, 2016.
    • Training on “SAS: A Comprehensive Overview” organised by SAS Institute India (Pvt.) Ltd., Mumbai under SSCNARS/NAIP sub-project at DES&M Division, ICAR-NDRI Karnal during August 2 – September 8, 2010.
    • Winter School on “Web Content Development using ToolBook” organised by NITTTR, Chandigarh during January 19-30, 2009.
    • Course on “Intelligent System Design and Soft Computing Techniques” organised by Thapar University, Patiala under Continuing Engineering Education Programme (CEEP) during April 24-25, 2008.
    • Refresher course on “Computer Applications in Food and Dairy Processing” organised by Centre of Advanced Studies (Dairy Technology), Dairy Technology Division, ICAR-NDRI, Karnal during December 28, 2005 – January 17, 2006.
    • Short-course on “Information Technology in Agriculture” organised by ICAR-National Academy of Agricultural Research Management (NAARM), Hyderabad, during December 3-23, 2002.
    • 62nd Foundation course for Agricultural Research Service (FOCARS) organised by ICAR-NAARM, Hyderabad during Jan. 7 – May 5, 1998.

    Patents, Technology, Methodology, Genetic Stock, Variety, etc.

    • A novel algorithm has been developed for training neural network models using genetic algorithm rather than using traditional learning methods like error back-propagation algorithm.
    • A novel weights initialisation method based on Cubic–Spline Interpolation technique has been developed for feedforward sigmoidal connectionist models


    • Sharma, A.K., Bhatia, A.K., Kulshrestha, A. and Sawhney, I.K. (2021). Intelligent modeling of moisture sorption isotherms in Indian milk products using computational neurogenetic algorithm. Springer Nature Computer Science Journal 2https://doi.org/10.1007/s42979-021-00693-7. (Online First).
    • Balaganesh, G., Malhotra, R., Sendhil, R., Sirohi, S., Maiti, S., Ponnusamy, K. and Sharma, A. K., 2020. Development of composite vulnerability index and district level mapping of climate change induced drought in Tamil Nadu, India. Ecological Indicators 113: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2020.106197.
    • Namith C., Verma, A., Gupta, A. K., Sharma, A. K., Shashank, C. G., Yousuf, S. and Malhotra, R., 2020. Prediction of lifetime performance in Sahiwal cattle by artificial intelligence based machine learning models. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 9: 1867-1873. https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.904.220.
    • Panchal, I., Sawhney, I.K., Sharma, A.K., Garg, M.K. and Dang, A.K., 2017. Mastitis detection in Murrah buffaloes with intelligent models based upon electro-chemical and quality parameters of milk. Indian Journal of Animal Research 51: 922–926. http://dx.doi.org/10.18805/ijar.10773.
    • Panchal, I., Sawhney, I.K., Sharma, A.K. and Dang, A.K., 2016. Classification of healthy and mastitis Murrah buffaloes by application of neural network models using yield and milk quality parameters. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 127: 242–248. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compag.2016.06.015.
    • Neethu, K.C., Sharma, A.K., Pushpadass, H.A., Emerald, F.M.E. and Manjunatha, M., 2016. Prediction of convective heat transfer coefficient during deep-fat frying of pantoa using neurocomputing approaches. Innovative Food Science and Emerging Technologies 34: 275–284. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ifset.2016.02.012.
    • Sharma, A.K., Sawhney, I.K., 2015. Modelling moisture sorption characteristics in dried acid casein using connectionist paradigm vis-à-vis classical methods. Journal of Food Science and Technology 52: 151–160. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s13197-013-0981-3.
    • Sharma, A.K., Sawhney, I.K., Lal, M., 2014. Intelligent modelling and analysis of moisture sorption isotherms in milk and pearl millet based weaning food ‘fortified Nutirmix’. Drying Technology: An International Journal 32: 728–741. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07373937.2013.858265.
    • Sharma, A. K., Jain, D.K., Chakravarty, A.K., Malhotra, R., Ruhil, A.P., 2013. Predicting economic traits in Murrah buffaloes with connectionist models. Journal of Indian Society of Agricultural Statistics 67: 1–11.
    • Sharma, A.K., Sharma, R.K., Kasana, H.S., 2007. Prediction of first lactation 305-day milk yield in Karan-Fries dairy cattle using ANN modelling. Applied Soft Computing 7: 1112–1120. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.asoc.2006.07.002.
    • Sharma, A.K., Sharma, R.K., Kasana, H.S., 2006. Empirical comparisons of feed-forward connectionist and conventional regression models for prediction of first lactation 305-day milk yield in Karan Fries dairy cows. Neural Computing and Applications 15: 359–365. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00521-006-0037-y.



    Dr Ajmer Singh


    • M.Sc. (Dairy Economics)
    • Ph.D. (Dairy Economics)

    Research work done so far and on-going:

    As Principal Investigator/ Lead worker

    • District-level Data Base Creation and Maintenance thereof in respect of the area, production and input usage of major crops w.e.f 1960
    • Economic analysis and impact assessment under AICW&BIP
    • Impact assessment of wheat production technologies
    • Socio-economic analysis and characterization of cotton-based systems
    • Potential and Prospects of Campbell Bay being Production Hub to Meet
    • Requirements of PDS (Rice) and Perishable Foods of Nicobar District
    • Demand and Supply Analysis of Livestock Products in Andamans
    • Determination of carrying capacity for organic farming in A & N islands
    • Impact Assessment of Technological Interventions in Andaman
    • A study on the sustainability of Gaushalas in Haryana
    • Estimation of production and utilization pattern of milk and milk products in India (—ongoing —–)

    As a coordinator at Zonal Project Directorate

    • National Initiative on Fodder Technology Demonstrations (NIFTD)
    • Demonstration programme on Hydrogel technology
    • Kisan Mobile Advisory (KMA)
    • Frontline Demonstration programme (FLD)


    • Cost accounting and financial management
    • Dairy business management
    • Research methodology for social sciences
    • Advanced micro-economic analysis

    Recent Publications:

    • Ajmer Singh (2006), “Economic analysis of wheat production across cropping systems in North-Western India”, Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, 40(3), Sept 2006.
    • Ajmer Singh, Satyavir Singh and Surendra Singh (2007), “Economic Analysis of Production Constraints in Wheat Crop: Case of  North-Western India”, Journal of Wheat Research, 1 (1&2): 108-112.
    • Ajmer Singh, Amandeep, Satyavir Singh and Kulwant Singh (2007), “Food Processing Scenario in Haryana: Prospects, Constraints, and Competitiveness with Special Reference to Wheat”, Kautilya – Haryana Economic Journal, XXVI (1-2), 2005-06: 39-45.
    • Ajmer Singh (2008), “Wheat Economy of North – West India: Growth patterns, Yields, and Cost aspects”, Agricultural Situation in India,  January 2008: 490-496.
    • Ajmer Singh, Satyavir Singh and Surendra Singh (2008), “Economic Analysis of Production Constraints in Wheat Crop: Case of  North-Western India”, Agricultural Situation in India,  June 2008: 145-149.
    • Ajmer Singh, Satyavir Singh and Ajit Singh Kharub (2009) “Kapas – Gehoon Fasal Paddhati Ka Samajik Evam Aarthik Vishleshan”(Hindi), Bhartiya Krishi Anusandhan Patrika, 24(1): 31-38.
    • Amandeep, Rajender Kumar, and Ajmer Singh (2009). “Fixed Capital Formation in Primary Sector in Haryana”, Eco.Jr, XXVII (1-2).
    • Ajmer Singh, Satyavir Singh and Surendra Singh (2012), “A Study of Yield Gaps, Production Levels and Economics of Improved Wheat Production Technologies”, Indian Journal of Rural and Agricultural Research, XII (1).
    • Suman Lata and Ajmer Singh (2012), “Wheat Production Information Retrieval System (WPIRS)”, International Journal of Computer Applications,58(2) November 2012
    • Subhash Chand, Sharwan Singh, Ajmer Singh, S Dam Roy and NK Krishan Kumar (2013), “Sustainable Ecotourism Development for Tropical Islands: A case study of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India”, International Journal of Environmental Research and Development, ISSN No 2249-3131, 3(4) pp 59-64.
    • Ajmer Singh, Rajbir Yadav, and Satyavir Singh, 2013. “Exploring Possibilities of Extending Wheat Cultivation to Newer Areas: A Study on Economic Feasibility of Wheat Production in Southern Hills Zone of India”, Agri. Economics Research Review, 26 (2) : 281-286.
    • Ajmer Singh, 2015. “Demand and Supply Analysis of Livestock Products in Andaman and Nicobar Islands”, Indian J Econ Dev, 11 ( 4): 801-814
    • Ponnusamy K, Ajmer Singh, and Shrija Sinha, 2018. “Disaster Management in Livestock Farming: Experience of NDRI”, Compendium of International Symposium on Animals in Disaster, Sept 26-27, 2018 pp. 94-113.
    • G L Pallavi, Ajmer Singh, B S Chandel, R Shendhil and S S Lathwal, 2018. Evaluation of alternate animal identification techniques and livestock insurance products in Bengaluru rural district of Karnataka, J. Eco. & Dev., 6(9), Sept 2018.
    • Shweta Bijla and Ajmer Singh, 2019. Economic Study of Gaushalas in Haryana: Functioning and Profitability. Indian Journal of Dairy Science, 72(1)
    • Shweta Bijla, Khalandar S, Priya Sharma, and Ajmer Singh, 2019. An Analysis of Constraints Faced by Gaushalas in Haryana. Economic Affairs, 64 (1), pp. 01-06, March 2019


    • Singh DR, AK Singh, Ajmer Singh, Nagesh Ram, LB Singh, Jaisuunder, and Shrawan Singh (2012)  Farm Innovations and ITKs in Andaman and Nicobar Islands, CARI, Port Blair.
    • Narula AM, Ajmer Singh, Keshava and Udit Jain, 2013. “Smart Farming on Small Farms”, Zonal Project Directorate, Zone-I, Ludhiana
    • Velumurgan A, Ajmer Singh, and  SK Ambast, 2011.  “Water Resource Management for Sustainable Agriculture and Livelihood Improvement”,  Central Agricultural Research Institute, Port Blair.
    • S. Dam Roy, Ajmer Singh, Subhash Chand, Zamir Ahmed, Nagesh Ram, S L Paik, and LB Singh, 2013, Technological Interventions and Farm Innovations: a way ahead for the Island Farming Community, CARI, Port Blair.
    • Ajmer Singh and Seema Ramani, 2014. “Livestock Sector in Andaman and Nicobar Islands (India) – Demand supply analysis. LAMBERT Academic Publishing, ISBN: 978-3-659-36604-8

    Dr Anil Kumar Dixit


    • M.Sc. (Agricultural Economics)
    • Ph.D. (Agricultural Economics)


    • Young Scientist Award (Social Science) conferred on 3rd May 2011 during National Symposium on Technological Interventions for Sustainable Agriculture by Indian Society of Hill Agriculture, GB Pant University of Agriculture and Technology.
    • Rajendra Prasad Puruskar for the technical book in Hindi in Agricultural and Allied Sciences (2015), Conferred by Indian Council of Agricultural Research.

    Research work done so far and on-going:

    In-house research project

    • Impact assessment of technologies developed under AICRP on PHET, CIPHET, and PET (PI)
    • Impact assessment of EDP conducted by CIPHET (PI)
    • Extraction of dietary fiber from byproducts of selected coarse cereals and pulses for development of functional food (Co-PI)

    External funded projects

    • Assessment of harvest and post-harvest losses of major crops and commodities in India Sponsor: MoFPI, Govt. of India, Budget: Rs. 539.91 lakh, Period: 2013 to 2015 [Co-PI]
    • Study on storage losses of food grains in FCI and CWC warehouse and to recommend norms for storage losses inefficient warehouse system, Sponsor: Food Corporation of India, Budget: Rs. 323.53 lakh, Period: 2013 to 2017 [Co-PI]
    • Status of Horticulture and Market Opportunities in the state of Uttaranchal (2006-09); Sponsor: Horticulture Technology Mission (MM-I), Budget: Rs. 7.50 lakh; [PI]
    • Protected Cultivation and Nursery raising of Tomato, Cucumber and Capsicum (2004-07); Sponsor: Horticulture Technology Mission (MM-I), Budget: Rs.14.00 lakh [Co-PI]
    • Validation and Demonstration of Organic  Farming in Vegetables (2004-07); Sponsor: Horticulture Technology Mission (MM-I), Budget: Rs. 9.73 lakh [Co-PI]

    On-Going research externally funded projects

    • ICAR-NIAP Network project on Policy Imperatives for Promoting Agricultural Commodity Value Chains in India (CCPI), Budget: Rs. 33.62 lakh, Period: 2018 to 2020
    • Processing and Value Addition of Agricultural Produce for Enhancing Farmers Income and Employment in Production Catchment, Budget: Rs. 52.91 lakh, Period: 2017 to 2020 (on-going), [Co-PI]


    • Linear Programming (ES-613): 1+1
    • Natural Resource and Environment Economics (ES-626): 2+1
    • Econometrics (ES-623): (2+1)
    • Advance Macro Economics Analysis (ES-721): 2+0
    • Advance Econometrics (ES-711): (2+1)

    Guidance to the students

    • Sc. (02): one is on-going; M.Phil. (01); Ph.D. (02): one is on-going

    Recent Publications:

    • Sharma S., Dixit, A.K., Sidhu G.K. (2017). Techno-economic evaluation of maize degermer machine. Journal of Hill Agriculture 8(1): 93-97, DOI 10.5958/2230-7338.2017.00006.4
    • Dixit A.K., Rawat I., Sharma S., Mann S., Kumar R. (2016). Entrepreneurship through EDP and Licensing of Post-Harvest Technology: An Impact Assessment. Indian Journal of Economics and Development, 12 (4):679-686. DOI: 5958/2322-0430.2016.00191.8.
    • Jai Paul, Choudhary A. K., Sharma S, Bohra, M., Dixit A. K., Kumar P. (2016). Potato production through bio-resources: Long-term effects on tuber productivity, quality, carbon sequestration, and soil health intemperate Himalayas. Scientia Horticulturae, 213 (2016) 152–163.
    • Sharma S.K., Bansal, S., Mangal M., Dixit A.K., Gupta R.K., and Mangal A.K. (2016). Utilization of Food Processing By-products as Dietary, Functional, and Novel Fibre: A Review. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 56(10):1647-61. DOI 10.1080/10408398.2013.794327.
    • JaiPaul, Dixit, A.K., Sharma A.K., and Vinod Kumar (2014). Nutrient Recycling and its relationship with bio fertility indicators of soil health and nutrient uptake in rice (Oryza sativa L.)-wheat (Triticaum aestivum L. emed. Fiori &Paol) cropping sequence. Agroecology and Sustainable Food System, 38:4, 445-459, DOI: 10.1080/21683565.2013.870628.
    • Sharma S.K., Chaudhary S.P., Dixit A.K., Rao VK, Yadav V.K., and Bisht T.S. (2013). Drying characteristics of wild apricot (Prunus armeniaca) fruit bar and economic evaluation of the market potential of the enterprise. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 83(3): 321-325.
    • Dixit AK, Sharma S.K., Sikka B.K., Sharma R., and Sharma A.K. (2013). Entrepreneurship development in wild apricot processing: A study of Tehri Garhwal and Dehradun district of Uttarakhand (India), Indian Journal of Agricultural Marketing, 27 (1): 91-103.
    • Dixit, A.K., Nanda, S.K., Singh K.P. and Kudos, S.K.A. (2011), ‘Economic benefits of Vivek Millet Thresher-cum- Pearler and Agro-Processing Centre in Uttarakhand’ J. Hill Agri., 2 (2):160-165.
    • Dixit, A. K., and Sharma, S. (2010). Potato in Garhwal Region of Uttarakhand: Some Issues and Suggestions, Potato Journal, Vol. 37 (3-4):158-164.
    • Dixit, A. K., P.C., Sharma, S. K. Nanda, and S. K. A. Kudos (2010). Impact of Processing Technology in Hilly Region: A Study on Extraction of Apricot Kernel Oil, Agricultural Economics Research Review, Vol. 23 (Conf. No.), 405-410.

     Books//technical bulletins/Reports/Strategic document, etc.:

    • Singh KP, Singh RRB, Singh Inderjeet, Kundu KK, Sirohi S and Dixit AK (2017). Doubling Farmers’ Income in Haryana by 2022- A Strategy Document, prepared by CCS Haryana Agricultural University Hisar and ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute Karnal, pp. 167.
    • Dixit AK, Jha SN, Kudos SKA (2015). Four Decades: R&D of All India Coordinated Research Project on Post-Harvest Engineering and Technology, ICAR- AICRP on PHET. ICAR-CIPHET Ludhiana-141004, pp 1-386.
    • Dixit A K, Rawat I, Chopra S and Jain D (2015). Entrepreneurship development programme on ICAR-CIPHET technologies: An impact assessment. Technical Bulletin No. ICAR-CIPHET/Pub/2015/01, pp 1-26.
    • Sharma M, Mridula D, Dixit A K, Gupta, R K, and Tyagi S K (2015). Convenience food products from maize and sorghum. Technical Bulletin No. ICAR-CIPHET/Pub/2014/04, pp 1-26.
    • Jha SN, Vishwakarma, RK, Ahmad, T, Rai A and Dixit AK (2015). Report on assessment of quantitative harvest and post-harvest losses of major crops and commodities in India, ICAR-All India Coordinated Research Project on Post-Harvest Technology, ICAR-CIPHET, P.O.-PAU, Ludhiana-141004, pp.1-162.
    • Nanda SK, Dixit AK, Kudos SKA (2013). Impact assessment of technologies from AICRP on PHT centers. All India Coordinated Research Project on Post-Harvest Technology, ICAR-CIPHET, Ludhiana, pp1-102.


    • Mr. Ravishankara K. M., SRF in externally funded ICAR-NIAP project (code: 1009811)

    Mrs. Udita Chaudhary


    • Bachelors in Computer Applications
    • M.Sc. (IT)
    • Pursuing Ph.D. (Agricultural Economics)

    Research Areas of Interest:

    • Income assessment, doubling farmers’ income, Dairy farmer collectives

    Research work done so far and on-going:

    • Impact of Policy Reforms on Livelihoods in Dairy Value Chains with Special Reference to Smallholder Producers
    • Value Chain Analysis of Milk and Milk Products in Organized Sector in Haryana
    • Level and Trends in Sources of Income of Rural Farm Households in Haryana
    • The relevance of Dairy as a Source of Income for Farmers in Haryana and Gujarat
    • Evaluation and Impact of Dairy Farmer Collectives in Gujarat: A Study in Saurashtra and Kutchh Regions


    Taught courses such Operations Research, Mathematics for Agricultural Economics, and Statistical Methods for Social Sciences; currently involved in the courses of Economic Analysis, Microeconomic Theory and Applications, Macroeconomics and Policy, and Financial Management and Cost accounting


    • Chaudhary, U., Singh, Kh. Rishikanta and Datta, K.K. (2010). Successful dairy value chain: The organized sector approach. Agriculture Economics Research Review (Conf. spl.) 23; pp. 561.
    • Chaudhary, U. (2010), “Databases and their Applications for Entrepreneurial Decision Making” Compendium of Lectures, Winter School on Dairy Entrepreneurship Development for Economic and Social Change, Nov 10-30, 2010 at NDRI, Karnal.
    • Singh, Kh. Rishikanta, Chauhan, A.K., Jain, D.K., Datta, K.K. and Chaudhary, U. (2011). Impact of dairy co-operatives on income generation in Meghalaya: A comparative study. Souvenir 65th Annual Conference Indian Society of Agricultural Statistics, Dec 3-5, 2011; pp. 281.
    • Chaudhary, U., Singh, Kh. Rishikanta, Ghosh, M. and Datta, K.K. (2012). Incentives by dairy agencies to smallholder milk producers: A micro study in 24 Parganas (N) district of West Bengal. Agriculture Economics Research Review (Conf. spl.) 25; pp. 570. Presented at 20th Annual Conference of Agricultural Economics Research Association 9-11 October, 2012 at IARI, New Delhi.
    • Chaudhary, U., Kumar, S. and Prusty, A.K. (2013). World food security: The way ahead. Research Journal of Animal Husbandry & Dairy Science; 4(1): pp. 36-41.
    • • y/kq nw/k mRikndks dks Ms;jh ,tsafl;ksa }kjk izksRlkgu% if’pe caxky ds 24 ijxkuk ¼mRrjh½ tuin dk ,d lw{e v/;;u; _f’kdkar सिंह ds-,p-] mfnrk pkS/kjh] ds-ds nRrk] eukst ?kks”k] izse izdk’k fe=k vkSj lquhy dqekj; दुग्ध-गंगा चतुर्थ अंक : २०१३-१४ : pp. 118-122
    • ‘krkoj ¼,LiSjsxl½ dh mUur [ksrh] Mk- izse flag] Mk- lquhy dqekj] Mk- iwue d’;i ,oa Mk- mfnrk pkS/kjh] —f”k iz.kkyh vkyksd prqFkZ vad&2017 i`0la0 52-55-
    • Naresh, R.K., Purushottam, Kumar, S., Malik, M., Kumar, S. and Chaudhary, U. (2018). Effects of tillage; Residue and nutrient management on top soil carbon stocks and soil labile organic carbon fractions in the Indo-gangetic plains of north west India: A review. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 7(3) pp. 1818-1842.
    • Naresh, R.K., Vivek, Kumar, Mukesh, Kumar, Sunil, Chaudhary, Udita, Kumar, Yogesh, Mahajan, N.C., Malik, Minaxi, Singh, Satyaveer, Rathi, R.C., and Tomar, S.S (2018), Zero budget natural farming viable for small farmers to empower food and nutritional security and improve soil health: A review. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 7(2) pp. 1104-1118.
    • Kumar, Sunil, Panwar, A.S., Naresh, R.K., Singh, Prem, Mahajan, N.C., Chaudhary, Udita, Kumar, Sudhir, Malik, Minaxi, Meena, A.L., Ghashal, P.C., Meena, L.K. and Chowdhary, Jairam (2018), Improving Rice-wheat cropping system through precision nitrogen management: A review. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. 7(2) pp. 1119-1128.
    • Chaudhary, U. (2018). Are Small Farmers Prosperous in Haryana? 26th Annual Conference of Agricultural Economics Research Association organised in ICAR-NDRI, Karnal, November 15-17.
    • Sendhil, R., Arti, T., Lal, P, Gururaj, B.M., Jamaludheen, A., Chaudhary, U., and Rathore, R. (2019). Price Dynamics and Extent of Integration in Indian Wholesale and Retail Wheat Markets. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology. 21(3): 517-530.
    • Kumar, S., Chaudhary, U., Panwar, A.S., Kaur, K. And Ravisarkar, N. (2019). Use of ICTs in Agricultural Entrepreneurship. In: Kashyap, P. Et al. Agri-entrepreneurship Challenges and Opportunities. pp. 55-68. Today & Tomorrow’s Printers and Publishers, New Delhi. ISBN 81-7019.
    • Chaudhary, U. (2019). The rising wave in dairy: New generation cooperatives. Lecture Compendium of Training Programme on Marketing Strategies for Promotion of Dairy Products organized by ICAR-NDRI from July 24-26: pp. 92-101.
    • Chaudhary, U. and Thorat, V. (2019). Relevance of Dairy as a Source of Income for Farmers in Haryana and Gujarat. IRMA Working Paper 296. ISSN 2454-7115.

    Dr Gunjan Bhandari


    • B.Sc. Agriculture, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar
    • M.Sc. Agricultural Economics, University of Agricultural Sciences-Bangalore
    • Pursuing Ph.D. in Agricultural Economics


    Research done so far and on-going work:

    • Completed short term research project on ‘Analysis of Past Performance and Future Scope of Agriculture Sector in Uttar Pradesh’ during Professional Attachment Training at IFPRI, New Delhi.
    • Associating on the following ongoing projects:
    • Value Chain Analysis and Policy Imperatives for Dairy Start-up.
    • Evaluation and Impact of Dairy Farmer Collectives in Gujarat: A Study in Saurashtra and Kutchh Regions
    • Appraisal of automation of Dairy Farms in India
    • Nurturing latent agro-animal based entrepreneurship among the youth in Mewat district of Haryana-RKVY-RAFTAAR


    Course No. Course Title Class & Semester Contact


    ES-611 Micro Economic Theory and Applications M.Sc. & I 1.5
    ES-614 Agricultural Marketing and Price Analysis M.Sc. & I 4.0
    ES-623 Econometrics M.Sc. & II 2.0
    ES-626 Natural Resource and Environmental Economics M.Sc. & II 2.0
    ES-629 Credit Seminar M.Sc. & II 0.5



    Research Article

    • Mahadevaiah, G.S., Gunjan Bhandari and Gourav Kumar Vani (2014), “A study on CO2 emission in relation to agricultural growth and food security in India”, International Conference on Crop Productivity and Sustainability- Shaping the Future, Bhatinda, pp. 271-273.
    • Bhandari Gunjan and B.V. Chinnappa Reddy (2015), “Impact of Out-Migration on Agriculture and Women Work Load- An Economic Analysis of Hilly Regions of Uttarakhand, India”, Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 70, No. 3, July-Sept., pp. 395-404.
    • Bhandari Gunjan (2017), “Assessment of Food Wastage in Hostel Messes: A case of NDRI, Karnal”, Indian Journal of Economics and Development, Vol. 13, No. 1, Jan.-Mar., pp. 59-64.
    • Bhandari, G., Chandra, S., Gupta, M., Katiyar, R., Ravi, Y. and Gorain, B., Factors Stalling Agricultural Growth- Micro-level Evidence from Karsanda Village of Uttar Pradesh, International Journal of Pure and Applied Bioscience 6(6): 72-79 (2018). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.7082
    • Bhandari, Gunjan and Chinnappa Reddy B.V. (2018) Economic Analysis of Milk Production and Marketed Surplus in Migrant and Non-Migrant Member Households of Hilly District of Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand. International Journal of Agriculture Sciences, ISSN: 0975-3710 & E-ISSN: 0975-9107, Volume 10, Issue 22, pp.- 7549-7552.
    • Bhandari Gunjan (2019), “An economic analysis of influence of out-migration on income, food consumption and inequity in hills”, Indian Journal of Economics and Development, Vol. 15, No. 2, April-June, pp. 242-249.

    Book chapter:

    • “Linear Programming using Solver in Excel” for compendium of training-cum- workshop on ‘Data Analysis Tools and Approaches (DATA) in Agricultural Sciences’ organized at ICAR-IIWBR from March 22-24, 2017.
    • “E-marketing of Dairy Products” for compendium of training on ‘Marketing Strategies for Promotion of Dairy Products’ organized at ICAR-NDRI from July 24-26, 2019.

    Dr. Gautam Kaul


    • M.Sc (Biochemistry)
    • Ph.D (Biochemistry)
    • Postdoctoral Research-Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston,USA., Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Pittsburgh,USA.

    Major Research Accomplishments

    Guidance to student :

    MSc/MVSc :8


    • State Merit Scholarship 1982
    • Jr. Res. Fellowship (ICAR) 1986
    • Sr. Res. Fellowship (ICAR) 1991
    • D.B.T., New Delhi, India, Research Associateship award 2007.
    • D.S.T., New Delhi, India Research Post Doc. Award 2003.
    • U.P.M.C., PA, U.S.A., Office of Enterprise Development O.E.D. Award 2008.
    • T.M.C., TX, U.S.A., Humane Society H.S.U.S. Project Award 2003.
    • N.D.R.I. (I.C.A.R.), Karnal, India Best Thesis (Production) award as PhD Guide 2009.
    • Life Member of the Society of Biotechnologists of India (S.B.T.I).
    • Life Member of the Indian Science Congress Association, (I.S.C.A.).
    • Annual Member of the “International Nanoscience Community Network” (I.N.C.N).
    • Life Member of Indian Society for the Study of Reproduction and Fertility, (I.S.S.R.F.).
    • Life Member of the Society of Biological Chemists (S.B.C.) of India.
    • Life member of the Dairy Technology Society of India (D.T.S.I).
    • Life Member of the Biotechnology Research Society of India (B.R.S.I).
    • Annual Member of the Stem Cell Research Forum of India (S.C.R.F.I).
    • Life Member of Society for Conservation of Domestic Animal Biodiversity (SOCDAB).
    • Life Member of the Indian Dairy Association, (I.D.A.).


    • In vitro studies on maintenance of cells using Multi Walled Carbon Nanotubes,MWCNT’s. Naficillin loaded biodegradable PLGA nanoparticles. Effect of Titanium and Europium Oxide Nanoparticles on membrane and DNA Integrity of cells. Silver nanoparticles affected functionality of buffalo sperm cells. Cell functionality as affected by single walled and multi walled carbon nanotubes,SWCNT / MWCNT and metallic nanoparticles,NP’s.

    Patents, Technology, Methodology, Genetic Stock, Variety, etc.:

    • Fluorescent assay probe technology: CTC for detection and assay of capacitation.
    • Pisum sativum agglutinin epifluorescent tag technology for acrosome reaction.
    • Photobleach fluorescent staining technology of vectors with photoactivebiotin (PAB).
    • Second generation DNA contraceptive vaccine technology for animals.
    • Buaculovirus transfection technology using Sf9 insect cell line.
    • Partial LiF replacement technology for feeder free stem cells.
    • Isopycnic gradient ultracentrifugation methodology for plasma membrane of sperm cells.
    • 12 Accession No. for various genes have been released by NCBI/GeneBank.
    • Metabolites from whey permeate using continuous biofermentor technology.
    • Heparin agarose high affinity chromatography methodology for plasma proteins.
    • Patents Awarded: Australian Patent Number: 2012100716 Invention title :“Hydro sprayed saline micro globules as vehicles for electrically assisted intra cervical delivery of sperms in dairy cattle” Inventor(s) : Dr Gautam Kaul, Validity: 2012-2021
    • Patent Awarded: Australian Patent Number 2012100720 Invention title : Immunomagnetic microbeads for enrichment of CD9+ spermatogonial cells” Inventor: Dr Gautam Kaul, Validity: 2012-2022


    • G Kaul and L Chen. “Mammalian Spermatogonia: Germ Cells of the Water Buffalo” 2008, US I.S.B.N. No: 978-1-4507-0503-5 Publisher Services, Chicago, IL, 90611, U.S.A.
    • G Kaul and L Chen. “Testicular Germline Cells; Spermatogonia of the Indian Goat” 2007, US I.S.B.N. No: 978-1-4507-0604-9 Publisher Services, Chicago, IL, 90611, U.S.A.
    • J Kaur and G Kaul “Protein translocation pathways across the inner and outer mitochondrial membranes” 2008 Indian J Biochemistry and Biophysics 45 (2) 149-156.
    • G Kaul, J Kaur and T A Rafeequi “Ultrasound mediated transplantation of spermatogonia in prepubertal goats” 2009 Reproduction in Domestic Animals. Volume 46 (2).DOI 10.1111 /j.1439-0531. 2009. 01549
    • J Tokas and G Kaul, “Detection of CD9 antigen on buffalo spermatogonial cells” Ind Vet J. 2009 86:1134-1137.
    • Gautam Kaul, D Mohan Kumar and H S Thippeshswamy, “Detection of IGF-I receptor on caprine spermatozoa by RT-PCR method” 2009. Ind J Dairy Sci 62, 4,19-22.
    • H S Thippeshswamy and Gautam Kaul: Role of heat shock proteins in diseases and their therapeutic potential in animals.2009 Ind J Microbiol. 20: 9-18
    • G Kaul, S Singh, K K Gandhi and S R Anand “ Calcium requirement and time course of capacitation of goat spermatozoa assessed by chlortetracycline assay” 2007 Andrologia 29, 243-251.
    • G Kaul, K K Gandhi, G S Sharma and B Singh “Antigens of Goat Spermatozoa that Recognize Homologous Zona Pellucida” Reproduction in Domestic Animals Volume 40, (1), 2005: 11-18.
    • S V Prasad, G Kaul and B S Dunbar “Structure and function of mammalian zonae pellucidae” 2004, Mammalian Reprod. 12: 203-209
    • G Kaul, G S Sharma, B Singh and K K Gandhi “Capacitation and acrosome reaction in buffalo bull spermatozoa assessed by chlortetracycline and pisum sativum agglutinin fluorescence assay Therigenology 2002 55: 1457-1468
    • B Dunbar, G Kaul, M Prasad and S M Skinner “ Molecular approaches for the evaluation of immune responses to zona pellucida(ZP) and development of second generation Z.P. Vaccines 2002, Reproduction 60 : 9-18
    • G Kaul, M Kumar, K K Gandhi and S R Anand “Surface protein changes in goat sperm during capacitation; Ind J Exp Biol. 2000 38: 18-25
    • G Kaul and K K Gandhi “Inhibition of goat sperm zona binding by monoclonal antibodies to a glycoprotein family (ZP4) of porcine zona. Small Rum. Res. 2000 35: 149-156.
    • Carbon Nanotubes as a Scaffold for Spermatogonial Cell Maintenance Journal BioMedical Nanotechnology (2010) Towseef Rafeeqi and Gautam Kaul doi:10.1166/jbn.2010.1167
    • A unique and promising scaffolding structure for animal cell culture:Carbon Nanotubes Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 80 (12): 1–10, December 2010 Towseef Rafeeqi and Gautam Kaul
    • Elucidation of Interaction Between Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes and Cell Culture Medium by Spectroscopy Supports Biocompatibility of These Nanotubes Science Letters(2010) doi:10.1166/asl.2011.1240 Gautam Kaul

    Dr. Rajeev Kapila


    • M.Sc (Animal Biochemistry)
    • Ph.D. (Major in Biochemistry & Minor in Molecular biology & Biotechnology)

    Research & Teaching Experience: 26 years

    Awards & Honours:

    • Life fellow of Academy of Environmental Biology
    • Scholar grant of European Union Hochschule Anhalt, Kothen Germany (2015)
    • International Training to USA under IDP (NAHEP) , 2020
    • Certificate of appreciation for outstanding contribution in teaching at ICAR-NDRI, 2013

    Members of the Societies:

    • Life member of the Society of Biological Chemists (SBC)
    • Life member of the Society for conservation of Domestic Animal Biodiversity (SOCDAB)
    • Life member of the Academy of Environmental Biology, India (AEB)
    • Life member of Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA)
    • Life member of Probiotic Association of India (PAI)

     Students Guided                    :         11 Ph.D and 15 M.Sc/ M.V.Sc students

    Recent Publications:

    • Bhat, M.I., Kapila, S. and Kapila,R. (2020). Potential Probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus (MTCC-5897) Inhibits Escherichia coli Impaired Intestinal Barrier Function by Modulating the Host Tight Junction Gene. Probiotics and antimicrobial proteins,  12: 1149–1160.
    • Bhat, M.I., Kapila, S. and Kapila, R. (2020). Lactobacillus fermentum (MTCC-5898) supplementation renders prophylactic action against Escherichia coli impaired intestinal barrier function through tight junction modulation LWT-Food Science and Technology 123: 109118, DOI: 1016/j.lwt.2020.109118.
    • Kumari, A., Bhawal,S., Kapila,S.,Yadav,H. and Kapila, R.,(2020). Health-promoting role of dietary bioactive compounds through epigenetic modulations: a novel prophylactic and therapeutic approach.  Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition.1-21 DOI: 1080/10408398.2020.1825286.
    • Mohapatra, SK, Panda, BSK,  Verma, A.K., Kapila,R. And Dang, A.K.. (2020). Implantation associated changes in expression profile of indoleamine-2, 3-dioxygenase 1, Th1-Th2 cytokines, and interferon-stimulated genes on neutrophils and peripheral blood.  Journal of Reproductive Immunology. 142: 103188. 
    • Rana, S., Bhawal, S., Kumari,A., Kapila, S. and Kapila, R. (2020). pH-dependent inhibition of AHL-mediated quorum sensing by cell-free supernatant of lactic acid bacteria in Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. Microbial Pathogenesis, 142: 104105.
    • Sowmya, K., Bhat, M.I., Bajaj, R.K., Kapila, S., Kapila, R. (2019). Antioxidative and anti-inflammatory potential with trans-epithelial transport of a buffalo casein-derived hexapeptide (YFYPQL). Food Bioscience 28 (2019) 151–163.
    • Sowmya, K., Mala, D., Bhat, M.I.,Kumar,N., Bajaj, R.K.,, Kapila, S., Kapila, R. (2018).Bio-accessible milk casein derived tripeptide (LLY) mediates overlapping anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects under cellular (Caco-2) and in vivo Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry 62: 167-180.
    • Samtiya, M., Bhat, M.I.,  Gupta, T., Kapila, S., Kapila, R.,(2018) Safety Assessment of Potential Probiotic Lactobacillus fermentum 6 MTCC-5898 in Murine Model after Repetitive Dose for 28 Days 7 (Sub-Acute Exposure) Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins 12: 259-270.
    • Bhat, M.I. and Kapila, R. (2017) Dietary metabolites derived from gut microbiota: critical modulators of epigenetic changes in mammals. Nutrition Reviews75(5): 374-389.
    • Haq, M.R., Kapila, R. and Kapila, S. (2015). Release of β-casomorphin-7/5 during simulated gastrointestinal digestion of milk β-casein variants from Indian crossbred cattle (Karan Fries). Food Chemistry 168: 70-79.
    • Saliganti, V., Kapila, R. ,Sharma, R. and Kapila, S.(2015). Feeding of probiotic Lactobacillus rhamnosus (MTCC 5897) fermented milk to suckling mothers alleviates ovalbumin induced allergic sensitisation in mice offspring. British Journal of Nutrition 114: 1168–1179.
    • Haq, M.R, Kapila, R. and Saliganti ,V. (2014) Consumption of β-casomorphins-7/5 induce inflammatory immune response in mice gut through Th2 pathway. Journal of Functional Foods 8: 150-160.
    • Sharma R, Kapila R., Kapasiya M, Saliganti V, Dass G and Kapila S.(2014). Dietary supplementation of milk fermented with probiotic Lactobacillus fermentum enhances systemic immune response and antioxidant capacity in aging mice. Nutrition Research. 34(11): 968-981.
    • Haq, MRU, Kapila, R., Sharma R, Saliganti ,V. and Kapila, S.(2014). Comparative evaluation of cow β-casein variants (A1/A2) consumption on Th2-mediated inflammatory response in mouse gut. European Journal of Nutrition, 53:1039–1049.
    • Shandilya, U.K., Kapila, R.*, Haq, M.R., Kapila S. and Kansal,V.K. (2013). Effect of thermal processing of cow and buffalo milk on the allergenic response of caseins and whey proteins in mice. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 93 (9): 2287–2292.

    Number of Publications :

    Research Papers: 80                         Review articles: 06

    Book Chapters: 10                             Popular Articles:  05

    Compendia/souvenirs:  06              Technical Bulletins:   03

    Patents Filed:

    • A Patent was filed (Application no. 2778/DEL/2013) during 2013 as Co-PI for “A peptide with osteoanabolic and antiresorptive activity”.
    • A patent was filed ( Application no. 201711023424) during 2017 as Co-PI for “The preparation of buffalo milk casein hydrolysates with enriched antioxidative peptides and the process thereof”

    Research Projects Handled as PI :

    • Role of probiotic lactobacilli in the modulation of intestinal epithelium mediated barrier functions and immune signals. (DBT : 2016-2019)
    • Applications of probiotics in alleviating allergic responses and (DBT 2011-2014)
    • Evaluation of hyperimmune properties of milk proteins and their oral   (Institutional:   2009-2011)

    Research Projects Handled as Co-PI  :

    •  Modulating the immune-cellular components and their signalling molecules in bovine colostrum and milk after micro-nutrient interventions and their functional validation under ex-vivo and in vivo animal models. (DBT: 2019-2022)
    • Assessment of early pregnancy by analysis of neutrophil dynamics and gene expression in dairy cattle.(DBT: 2018-2021)
    • Protein profiling of milk from native indigenous breeds (cow and buffalo) in relation to their bioactive potential (Institutional: 2018-2021).
    • Evaluation of the osteogenic potential of milk-derived peptide in osteoporosis model (Institutional 2017-2020)
    • Production of buffalo casein hydrolysates enriched with antioxidative and immunomodulatory peptides and their application for the development of functional (SERB – DST/ MOFPI: 2015-2017).
    • Evaluation of Osteogenic peptides from buffalo (Institutional 2014-2017).
    • Molecular basis for modulation of immunocompetence of neutrophilic function in vivo and in vitro of high producing cows and buffaloes peripartum. (DBT :2010-2013)
    • A value chain on composite dairy foods with enhanced health attributes. (NAIP 2009-2013)
    • Immunomodulatory and bone health-promoting biofunctional peptides of milk origin.(Institutional :2007-2010)

    Dr. Suman Kapila


    • B.Sc. Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra
    • M.Sc. National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal
    • Ph.D. National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal


    Faculty in the Department of Animal Biochemistry at NDRI, Karnal.


    I am a biochemist studying the health benefits of milk, fermented milk, probiotics and nutraceuticals of milk origin. Recent and current projects include assessing the osteoanabolic effect of milk derived bioactive peptides through in-vitro as well as in-vivo assays. Also involved in bioavailability studies related to bioactive peptides and protein-vitamin complex.


    Classes that I teach include AB-614 (Food and Nutritional Biochemistry), AB-623 (Immunochemistry ), AB-621 (Intermediary Metabolism), AB-714( Biomembranes) .


    • Awarded Best teacher Award for teaching at PG level in 14th convocation held at NDRI on March 5, 2016.
    • Awarded Bio Nutra Senior Award during the National conference on Bioactive Compounds and Functional Foods in Health and Disease Management from 15th -16th November, 2013 held at NIFTEM, Kundli, Sonepat.
    • Awarded certificate of appreciation for outstanding contribution in teaching at PG level for the year 2012- 2013 at 11th convocation of NDRI Deemed University held on 16th February, 2013.
    • International training to USA Under NAIP,2010

     Professional Experience

    • 25 years of Research and Teaching Experience
    • Guided 12 M.V.Sc / M.Sc and 13 Ph.D students including 2 International students
    • Three months Overseas training on bioavailability of Iron using Caco-2 cells
    • 20 years of working experience in the area of Functional foods, Probiotics and Nutraceuticals specifically bioactive peptides. Actively involved in validation studies for establishing the efficacy and safety of nutraceuticals and new dairy products by carrying out in-vitro and in–vivo

    Members of the Societies

    • Life member, Society of Biological Chemist (India)
    • Life member, Society for Conservation of Domestic Animal Diversity
    • Life member, Indian Immunology Society.
    • Life member, Dairy Technology Society of India.
    • Life member, Indian Science Congress Association
    • Life member, Probiotic Association of India

    Number of Publications: 130             International papers: 110                         Book Chapters: 10

    Patents: 2 (applied)



    • Kaur, T., John, A.A., Sharma, C., Vashisht, N.K., Singh, D., Kapila, R. and Kapila, S.(2021). miR300 intervenes Smad3/β-catenin/RunX2 crosstalk for therapy with an alternate function as indicative biomarker in osteoporosis. Bone 143, 115603 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bone.2020.115603
    • Kumar, R., Mada, S.B., Reddi, S., Kaur, T., Kapila, R. and Kapila, S.(2021) Comparative evaluation of the protective effects cow, buffalo and goat milk in glucocorticoid-induced bone alterations in mice. International Journal of Dairy Technology.DOI: 1111/1471-0307.12770
    •  Upadhyay, D., Kaur, T., Kapila, R. and Kapila, S.(2020)  Repertoire of Structure Activity-Based Novel Modified Peptides Elicits Enhanced Osteogenic Potential. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry DOI: 10.1021/acs.jafc.0c03385
    • Devi, S.,Pal, G.K., Kapila, R. and Kapila, S. (2020). C-terminal sequence deletion effect on antioxidative characteristics of VLPVPQK bioactive peptide from buffalo milk casein. LWT-Food Science and Technology 119, DOI: 1016/j.lwt.2019.108816
    • Kumar, N., Devi, S., Mada, S.B., Reddi, S., Kapila, R. and Kapila, S. (2020). Anti-apoptotic effect of buffalo milk casein derived bioactive peptide by directing Nrf2 regulation in starving fibroblasts. Food Bioscience, 35  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fbio.2020.100566
    • Rana, S., Bhawal, S.,Kumari, A., Kapila, S. and Kapila, R. (2020). pH-dependent inhibition of AHL-mediated quorum sensing by cell-free supernatant of lactic acid bacteria in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Microbial pathogenesis 142, 104105
    • Samtiya, M., Bhat, M.I.,  Gupta, T., Kapila, S., Kapila, R.,(2020). Safety Assessment of Potential Probiotic Lactobacillus fermentum 6 MTCC-5898 in Murine Model after Repetitive Dose for 28 Days 7 (Sub-Acute Exposure) Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins https://doi.org/10.1007/s12602-019-09529-6.
    • Bhat, M.I., Kapila, S. and Kapila,R. (2020). Lactobacillus fermentum (MTCC-5898) supplementation renders prophylactic action against Escherichia coli impaired intestinal barrier function through tight junction modulation LWT-Food Science and Technology 123, DOI: 1016/j.lwt.2020.109118
    • Lule, V.K.,Tomar, S.K.,Chawla, P., Pophaly, S., Kapila, S. and Arora, S.(2020). Bioavailability assessment of zinc enriched lactobacillus biomass in a human colon carcinoma cell line (Caco-2) Food Chemistry. 309, DOI: 1016/j.foodchem.2019.12558
    • Shilpa Shree, B.G., Arora,S., Kapila, S. and Sharma, V. (2020) Whey protein-iron or zinc complexation decreases pro-oxidant activity of iron and increases iron and zinc bioavailability. LWT, DOI: 1016/j.lwt.2020.109287


    • Kumar, S., Devi, S., Sood, S., Kapila, S., Narayan, K., Shandilya, S.(2019) Antibiotic resistance and virulence genes in nisin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis isolated from raw buffalo milk modulate the innate functions of rat macrophages. Journal of applied Microbiology. doi.org/10.1111/jam.14343
    • Yadav, R., Vij, R., Kapila, S., Khan, S.H., Kumar, N., Meena, S., Kapila, R. (2019).Milk fermented with probiotic strains Lactobacillus rhamnosusMTCC: 5957 and Lactobacillus rhamnosus MTCC: 5897 ameliorates the diet-induced hypercholesterolemia in rats. Annals of Microbiology,1-12
    • Rana, S., Arora, S., Gupta, C. and Kapila, S. (2019) Effect of sodium caseinate and vitamin A complexation on bioaccessibility and bioavailability of vitamin A in Caco-2 cells. Food Research International https:// doi. org/10.1016/j.foodres.2019.01.019.
    • Kumar, N., Reddi, S., Devi, S., Mada, S.B., Kapila, R. and Kapila,S.(2019).Nrf2 dependent anti-aging effect of milk derived bioactive peptide in old fibroblasts Journal of Cellular Biochemistry 120 (6), 9677-9691 DOI: 10.1002/jcb.28246
    • Borad, S.G., Singh, A.K., Kapila, S., Behare ,P., Arora, S.and Sabikhi L (2019).Influence of unit operations on immunoglobulins and thermal stability of colostrum fractions. International Dairy Journal .93:85-91.
    • Sowmya, K., Bhat, M.I., Bajaj, R.K., Kapila, S., Kapila, R. (2019). Buffalo Milk casein derived Decapeptide (YQEPVLGPVR) having bifunctional anti-inflammatory and antioxidative features under cellular milieu. International Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics.1-12
    • Bhat,M.I., Sowmya , K.,Kapila,S. & Kapila, R. (2019). Escherichia coli K12: An evolving opportunistic commensal gut microbe distorts barrier integrity in human intestinal cells.Microbial pathogenesis, 103545.
    • Hussain, S.A., Yadav, V., Reddi,S., Patil, G.R., Singh, R.R. B., Kapila,S. (2019). Thermal processing conditions affect in vitro immunostimulatory activity of Aloe vera juice. Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants https://doi.org /10.1016 /j.jarmap .2018.11.002
    • Bhat,M.I., Kumari,A., Kapila,S. & Kapila, R. (2019) Probiotic lactobacilli mediated changes in global epigenetic signatures of human intestinal epithelial cells during Escherichia coli challenge. Annals of Microbiology. https:// doi.org/10.1007/s13213-019-01451-
    • Sowmya, K., Bhat, M.I., Bajaj, R.K., Kapila, S., Kapila, R. (2019). Antioxidative and anti-inflammatory potential with trans-epithelial transport of a buffalo casein-derived hexapeptide (YFYPQL). Food Bioscience 28 (2019) 151–163


    • Reddi,, Shanmugam, V.P., Tanedjeu, K.S., Kapila, S. and Kapila, R. (2018). Effect of buffalo casein derived novel bioactive peptides on osteoblast differentiation. European Journal of Nutrition 57(2):593-605.
    • M., Kapila, S., Kapila, R., Trivedi, R. and Karvande,A (2018) Evaluation of the osteoprotective potential of whey derived-antioxidative (YVEEL) and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitory (YLLF) bioactive peptides in ovariectomised rats. Food and Function. 9 (9), 4791-4801.
    • M., Kapila, R and Kapila,S. (2018) Osteoanabolic activity of whey-derived anti-oxidative (MHIRL and YVEEL) and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitory (YLLF, ALPMHIR, IPA and WLAHK) bioactivepeptides. Peptides 99:1-7.
    • Sowmya, K., Devmala, Bhat, M.I.,Kumar,N., Bajaj, R.K.,, Kapila, S., Kapila, R. (2018).Bio-accessible milk casein derived tripeptide (LLY) mediates overlapping anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects under cellular (Caco-2) and in vivo Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry 62: 167-180.
    • Shilpa Shree, B.G., Arora,S., Kapila,S. and Sharma, V. (2018) Physicochemical characterization of mineral (iron/zinc) bound caseinate and their mineral uptake in Caco-2 cells. Food Chemistry  257, 101-111.
    • Kalyan,S., Meena, S., Kapila, S., Sowmya, K., Kumar,R.(2018).Evaluation of goat milk fat and goat milk casein fraction for anti-hypercholesterolaemic and antioxidative properties in hypercholesterolaemic rats. International Dairy Journal. 84:23-27.
    • Yadav,R., Dey, D.,Vij, R., Meena, S., Kapila, R., and Kapila,S. (2018). Evaluation of anti-diabetic attributes of Lactobacillus rhamnosus MTCC: 5957, Lactobacillus rhamnosus MTCC: 5897 and Lactobacillus fermentum MTCC: 5898 in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Microbial Pathogenesis 125:454-462
    • Yadav,R., Khan, S.H.,Mada, S.B.,Meena, S., Kapila, R., and Kapila,S. (2018). Consumption of Probiotic Lactobacillus fermentum MTCC:5898- Fermented Milk Attenuates Dyslipidemia, Oxidative Stress,and Inflammation in Male Rats Fed on Cholesterol-Enriched Diet. Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins 11(2):509-518. https://doi. org/10.1007/ s12602-018-9429-4
    • Mada, S.B., Reddi, S., Kumar, N., Vij, R., Yadav, R., Kapila S., Kapila, R., (2018). Casein-derived antioxidative peptide prevents oxidative stress-induced dysfunction in osteoblast cells. Pharmanutrition 6:169-179
    • Sheikh,A.A., Hooda, O.K., Kalyan, A., Kamboj, A., Mohammed, S., Alhussien, M, Kapila,S…(2018).Interferon –tau stimulated gene expression: a proxy to predict embryonic mortality in diary cows.Theriogenology 120, 61-67
    • Reddi, S., Mada, S.B.,Kumar, N., Kumar, R., Ahmad, N., Karvande, A., Kapila S., Kapila, R., Trivedi, R. (2018). Antiosteopenic Effect of Buffalo Milk Casein-Derived Peptide(NAVPITPTL) in Ovariectomized Rats. International Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics 1-12.
    • Mohan, J.,SA Ali,S.A., Suvartan, R., Kapila,S., Sharma,R., Tomar,S.K., Behare, P.and Yadav ,H.(2018). Bioavailability of biotransformed zinc enriched dahi in witsar rats. International Journal of Probiotics & Prebiotics 13


    • Mada, S.B., Reddi, S., Kumar, N., Kumar, R., Kapila S., Kapila, R., Trivedi, R. (2017). Antioxidative peptide from milk exhibits anti-osteopenic effects through inhibition of oxidative damage and bone-resorbing cytokines in ovariectomized rats. Nutrition. 43-44:21-31.
    • Mada, S.B., Reddi, S., Naveen, Kapila S. and Kapila R. (2017).Protective effects of casein derived peptide VLPVPQK against hydrogen peroxide-induced dysfunction and cellular oxidative damage in osteoblastic cell. Human and Experimental Toxicology. 36 (9), 967-980
    • Garg, S., Singh, T.P., Reddi, S., Malik, R.K. and  Kapila, S. (2017) Intervention of     probiotics reuteri fermented milk as an adjuvant to combat protein energy mal-nourishment induced gut disturbances in albino mice. Journal of Functional Foods.36:467-479.
    • Singh,T., Kaur, G.,Malik, R., Kapila,S. (2017). Antagonistic activity of Lactobacillus reuteri strains on the adhesion characteristics of selected pathogens. Frontiers in Microbiology, https://doi.org/ 10.3389/ fmicb. 2017.00486 8:486.
    • Pophaly, S.D., Poonam, Pophaly, S.D., Kapila, S., Nanda, D.K., Tomar, R.S. and Singh,   (2017).Glutathione biosynthesis and activity of dependent enzymes in food grade lactic acid bacteria harboring multidomain bifunctional fusion gene (gsh). Journal of Applied Microbiology.
    • Saliganti,V., Kapila,R., Kapila,S., and Bhat, M.I .(2017). Probiotics in the modulation of maternal–infant immunity: Implications for allergic diseases. Food Reviews International   33: (5), 516–537.
    • Sharma,A., Shree S. B.G., Arora,S. and Kapila,S. (2017). Preparation of lactose-iron complex and its cyto-toxicity, in-vitro digestion and bioacessabiity in caco-2 model system. Food Bioscience. 20: 125-130.
    • Lamba, H., Aggarwal, Sabikhi, L.,Reddi,S.,Kapila, R., Kapila, S.(2017). Double emulsion-encapsulated guggul exhibits improved in vivo hypocholesterolemic action in rats. International Journal of Food Science and Technology. 53 (3): 626-633 
    • Yadav,V., Singh, R.R.B., Hussain,S.A. and Kapila, S. (2017). Immunomodulatory effects of oral administration of Aloe Vera Supplemented Probiotic ice cream. Indian Journal of Dairy Science.70 (1), 89-95.
    • Meena, K .K., Kapila, S., Chand, R., Kumawat, D.K. and  Verma,G.(2017). Speciifc immune response of oral administration of Dahi and milk fermented with Lactobacillus helveticus against Salmonella enteritidis in mice.Indian Journal of Dairy Science  (4), 404-410

    Research Projects Handled as PI/CCPI/Co-PI:

    • Valorization of industrially soybean and groundnut de-oiled meals/cakes by extraction, purification and production of protein isolates (NASF, 2018-2021) as CCPI
    • Development of Immunomodulatory Exopolysaccharide containing healthy Fermented Dairy Food. (MOFPI, 2018-2021) as Co-PI
    •  Evaluation of osteogenic potential of milk derived bioactive peptides in osteoporosis model (ICAR-NDRI, 2017-2020) as PI
    • Role of probiotic lactobacilli in modulation of intestinal epithelium mediated barrier functions and immune signals (DBT, 2016-2019) as Co-PI
    •  Preparation Characterization and application of vitamin A and D loaded milk protein nano-complexes (DBT, 2016-2019) as Co-PI
    • Technology of Heart Friendly Herbal-Milk Smoothie with Prophylactic Effects against CVD and Associated Risks (MOFPI, 2016-2019) as Co-PI
    • Evaluation of Osteogenic peptides from buffalo milk (ICAR-NDRI, 2014-2017) as PI
    • Mineral bound milk based ingredients: preparation, characterization and application (DBT, 2013-2015) as Co-PI
    • Production of buffalo casein hydrolysates enriched with antioxidative and immunomodulatory peptides and their application for the development of functional beverage (DST, 2013-2015) as Co-PI
    • Applications of probiotics in alleviating allergic responses and immunosenescence (DBT,2011-2014) as Co-PI


    Dr. Dhruba Malakar


    Degree Name of the College/Institute and University Degree awarded
    B. V. Sc. & A.H. Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, West Bengal 1983-1988
    M. Sc. (Animal


    National   Dairy  Research Institute, Karnal, India 1989-1991
    Ph. D. (Animal


    Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, India. 1996-2000
    Post Doctoral Fellow Hillman      Cancer      Centre, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA. 2007-2008


    Production of embryonic stem cells, mesenchymal stem cells, spermatogonial stem cells and iPS cells. Treatment of wound, paralysis, fracture, mastitis, endometritis and cancer of animals using mesenchymal stem cells. Differentiation of stem cells into germ cells. In vitro and in vivo production of blastocysts and their transfer to recipient animals. Somatic cell nuclear transfer in farm animals. Recombinant cloning of therapeutic important genes and production of transferable transgenic embryos. CRISPR/Cas9 mediated gene knock in and knock out for production of transgenic animals. Global Transcriptome profiling of different stages of IVF, somatic cell cloned and parthenogenetic goat embryos.


    • BT-612 (Fundamentals of Cell and Molecular Biology) (3+0)
    • BT-612 (Animal Tissue culture: Principles and applications) (2+1)
    • BT-713 (Advances in Reproductive Biotechnology) (3+0)
    • BT-722 (Advances in Animal Tissue culture) (3+0)


    • Hruda Nanda Malik, Dinesh Kumar Singhal and Dhruba Malakar (2020). Derivation of oocyte-like cells from putative embryonic stem cells and parthenogenetically activated into blastocysts in goat. Scientific Reports, 10:10086 https://doi.org/10.1038/s 41598-020-66609-2
    • Ansari, S., Jamwal, S., Saini, S., Singh R. and Malakar D. (2019). Folate-methionine cycle and folate transport in developing buffalo embryos. Reproduction, Fertility and Development 32(2):168-168.
    • Singh R., Saini S., Ansari S., Jamwal S. and Malakar D. (2020). Exploring the use of mesenchymal stem cells for treatment of mastitis and metritis in cattle. Reproduction Fertility and Development 32(2):238.
    • Arun Kumar De, Perumal Ponraj, Dhruba Malakar, Ramachandran Muthiyan, A. Kundu & Debasis Bhattacharya (2019).Complete mitogenome sequencing of Andaman buffalo: an endangered germplasm of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. Journal of Genetics 98. pii: 97.
    • De AK, Muthiyan R, Mondal S, Mahanta N, Bhattacharya D, Ponraj P, Muniswamy K, Kundu A, Kundu MS, Sunder J, Karunakaran D, Bera AK, Roy SD and Malakar D. (2019). A Natural Quinazoline Derivative from Marine Sponge Hyrtios erectus Induces Apoptosis of Breast Cancer Cells via ROS Production and Intrinsic or Extrinsic Apoptosis Pathways. Marine Drugs 17: 658. NAAS score- not assign Impact factor: 4.379
    • De AK, Muthiyan R, Ponraj P, Muniswamy K., Sunder J, Kundu A, Karunakaran D, George Z, Kundu MS, Ahmed SKZ, Malakar D, and Bhattacharya D (2019). Mitogenome analysis of Indian isolate of Rhipicephalus microplus clade A sensu (Burger et al., 2014): A first report from Maritime South-East Asia. Mitochondrion 49:135–148. NAAS score- not assign Impact factor: 3.449
    • De AK, Muthiyan R, George Z, Ponraj, Malakar D, Kundu A, Sunder J and Bhattacharya D (2019). Complete mitochondrial genome of Trinket cattle, a Danish colonial leftover MITOCHONDRIAL DNA PART B 4(1): 2053–2054. NAAS score- not assign Impact factor: 0.561 7
    • De AK, Ponraj P, Malakar D, Muthiyan R, Kundu A And Bhattacharya D (2019). Complete mitogenome sequencing of Andaman buffalo: an endangered germplasm of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. Journal of Genetics 98:97-105. NAAS score- not assign Impact factor: 0.825
    • Ali, SA, Malakar, D, Kaushik, JK, Mohanty AK and Kumar S (2018). Recombinant Purified Buffalo Leukemia Inhibitory Factor Plays an Inhibitory Role in Cell Growth. PLOS ONE, PLoS ONE 13(6): e0198523.
    • Kaur G. Ali S.A. Pachauri S. Malakar D. Kaushik J.K. Mohanty A.K. Kumar S. (2017). Buffalo Leukemia Inhibitory Factor Induces Differentiation and Dome-Like Secondary Structures in COS-1 Cells. Cytogenet Genome Res 151:119-130
    • Thakur, A. Sharma, V. Aneja, B. and Malakar D. (2018). What to consume- A1 milk or A2 milk? Everyman‘s Science. (ISSN: 0531-495X). (Accepted).
    • Submitted research paper 2018:
    • Sushil Kumar, Ashutosh Vats, Jatinder S Chera, Amit Kumar, Dhruba Malakar and Sachinandan De (2018). Induction of IFI16-like DNA sensor with synthetic dsRNA analog [poly (I:C)]. Biomaterials
    • Sushil Kumar; Ashutosh Vats; Jatinder S Chera; Amit Kumar; Dhruba Malakar and Sachinandan De (2018). Induction of IFI16-like gene in buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) fibroblasts with dsRNA analog [poly (I:C)]. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
    • Sharma Vishal and Malakar Dhruba (2018).Comparison of different methods for enrichment of undifferentiated spermatogonial Stem cells from goat for in vitro culture. Animal Reproduction Science.

    Technologies Developed/ Patents Granted (if any):

    •  Isolation, culture and characterization of mesenchymal stem cells from adipose tissues. These cells are further cultured and grown in in vitro condition and used for treatment of animals. Treatment of wound, paralysis, fracture, mastitis, endometritis and cancer of animals using these mesenchymal stem cells and treated the animals.
    • Generation of oocytes from embryonic stem cells and iPS cells. These in vitro produced oocytes were further parthenogenetically activated and produced blastocyst in in vitro condition.