• Dr. Chand Ram Grover
    Principal Scientist

    Dairy Microbiology Division, NDRI (ICAR) Karnal

    • Current Research Area
      Functional foods, Bio-preservation, Quality assurance, LAB-fermentation biotechnology, Bioremediation etc.


    Program Courses Credits
    B. Tech. (DT) DM-222 (Microbiology of Dairy Products) 2+1
    M. Tech./


    M. V. Sc. /

    M. Sc. (DM)

    DM-612 (Microbial Physiology);


    DM-613 (Microbiology of Fluid Milk and Milk Products);

    DM-621(Dairy Starters and Fermented Milk Products)






    M. Tech./


    M. V. Sc. /

    M. Sc. (FSQA)

    FS-613 (Microbiology of Fluid Milk and Milk Products);


    DM-621(Dairy Starters and Fermented milk Products)




    Ph.D. (DM) DM-722 (Advances in Microbial Food Safety of Dairy Products) 3+0
    Ph.D. (FSQA) FS-723 (Advances in Microbial Food Safety of Dairy Products) 3+0



    1. Anand S; Garre M; Saini P; Beniwal A and Grover CR (2018) Synbiotic yogurt supplemented with Ocimum sanctum essential oil. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci (2018) 7(3): 1250-1262
    2. Panwar R; Kumar N; Kashyap V; Ram C. and Kapila R (2018) Aflatoxin M1 detoxification ability of probiotic lactobacilli of Indian origin in in vitro digestion model. Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins https://doi.org/10.1007/s12602-018-9414-y
    3. Makwana M:, Grover C.R. and Kumar N. (2018) Biocides resistance profiles of biofilm forming bacteria of dairy niche and their control. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences: 7(02);1194-1205.
    4. Kumar N; Kumari V; Ram C; Thakur K, and Tomar SK (2018) Bio-prospectus of cadmium bio-adsorption by lactic acid bacteria to mitigate health and environmental Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 102(4):1599-1615. Doi: 10.1007/ s00253-018-8743-9.
    5. Kumar, N; Kumari, V; Ram, C; Kumar, B.S.B. and Verma, S. (2017) Impact of oral cadmium intoxication on levels of different essential trace elements and oxidative stress measures in mice: A response to dose. Environment Science Pollution Research, Doi: 10.1007/s11356-017-0868-3 (Published on line on 6th Dec’ 2017).
    6. Kashyap, V. and Grover CR (2017) Cultivation and isolation of sulfate reducing bacteria. Octa Journal of Environmental Research, 5(3); 206-213.
    7. Gaare M; Ram C. and Suman (2017) Combination of trans-cinnamaldehyde and eugenol with nisin for inactivation of monocytogenes. Indian Journal of Dairy Science, 70 (4);379-385.
    8. Kumar, N; Kumar, V; Panwar, R. and Ram C. (2017) Efficacy of indigenous probiotic Lactobacillus strains to reduce cadmium bio-accessibility – An in vitro digestion model. Environmental Science Pollution Research, 24: 1241-1250.
    9. Anand, S., Grover, C.R. and Beniwal A. (2016) Evaluation of Ocimum sanctum essential oil as potential preservative for fermented dairy products. Journal of Pure and Applied Microbiology, 10(4): 2763-2771.
    10. Samaddar, M; Ram C. and Sen M. (2015) Assessment of storage stability of essential oil enriched flavoured milk. Indian Journal of Dairy Science, 68 (4);357-363.
    11. Gaare M; Ram C. and Suman (2015) Antimicrobial efficacy of vanillin in conjuction with mild heat treatment against Escherichia coli O157:H7 in sweetened  Indian Journal of Dairy Science, 68 (3);223-228
    12. Kumar H.; Kumar, N.; Seth R.; Goyal A. and Ram C. (2015) Effect of heat treatments of goat colostrums on bacterial counts, viscosity and immunoglobulin G concentration. Indian Journal of Dairy Science,68(2):132-136.
    13. Kumar, M. and Ram C. (2014) Cholesterol assimilation potential of probiotic Lactobacillus species in cream for production of reduced cholesterol butter. Indian J Dairy Science 67(1);33-40
    14. Menon R. R; Rao K. J; Nath, B.S; Ram C. (2014) Carbonated fermented dairy drink – effect on quality and shelf life. Journal of Food Science & Technology,51(11):3397-3403. DOI 10.1007/s13197-012-0854-1 9. (Published on line on 26th Sept’2012)
    15. Menon R. R; Rao, K. J; Nath, B. S. and Ram C. (2014) Extended shelf life flavoured dairy drink using dissolved carbon dioxide. Journal of Food Science & Technology, 51(1):130-135. DOI 10.1007/s13197-011-0473-2.
    16. Kumar M, Verma, V, Nagpal R, Kumar A, Gautam, S. K., Behare, P. V.; Grover C. R., and Aggarwal, P.K. (2011) Effect of probiotic fermented milk and chlorophyllin on gene expressions and genotoxicity during AFB1-induced hepatocellular carcinoma. Gene 490; 54–59.
    17. Singh, B., Ram, C., Singh, R. (2011) Angiotensin-1 converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity of peptides isolated from bovine milk fermented with Lactobacillus helveticus NCDC- 288 . Milchwissenschaft – Milk Science International, 66 (4); 429-431.
    18. Ram C; Balasubramanya, N.N. and Bhavadasan, M. K. (2009) Effect of antibiotic in milk on platelet aggregation. Indian Veterinary Journal, 86 (2); 168-170.
    19. Ram C; Balasubramanya, N. N. and Bhvadasan M.K. (2008) Effect of veterinary drugs on cell mediated immunity- in vitro Indian J Dairy Science; 68(5):377-379     
    20. Ram C; Balasubramanya, N.N. and Bhavadasan, M. K. (2008) Effect of veterinary drugs in milk on phagocytic index and superoxide anion generation of macrophages. Indian Journal of Dairy and Bioscience; 19:14-17.
    21. Unnikrishnan, V.; Bhavadasan, M. K.; Surendranath, B. and Ram C. (2005) Chemical residues and contaminants in milk: A review. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences; 75 (5); 592- 98.
    22. Balasubramanyam, B.V.; Ghosh, B.C.; Ram C. and Balasubramanya, N.N. (2003) Technology for production of chakka cake. Indian J Dairy and Bioscience, 14 (1); 33-36
    23. Ram C. and Chander, H. (2003) Optimization culture conditions of probiotic bifidobacteria for maximal adhesion to hexadecane. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology: 19 (4); 407-410.
    24. Ram C. and Harish Chander (2002) Effect of bifidogenic factors and carbohydrates on adhesion of Bifidobacterium bifidum HI 39 to hexadecane. Indian Journal of Dairy & Bioscience: 13(1):79-81.
    25. Ram C. and Chander, H. (2002) Biochemical characterization of human infant micro-flora. Asian J. Microbiology, Biotechnology and Environmental Sciences: 4(3); 321– 325
    26. Gopimanivanan, P.V.; Ram C. and Aggarwal, P.K. (2001) Screening of lindane degrading mold. Indian J. Dairy & Bio-sciences; 12: 80-83.
    27. Ram C. and Chander H. (2000) Studies on intestinal micro-flora of human infants. Indian J. Dairy & Biosciences: 11; 121 –123.
    28. B.; Prakash, O; Rana, M.K.; Ram C.;  Rajendran, K.S.; Bhardwaj, C; and  Sharma, A.K.(1999) Problem prioritization through PRA Techniques in Himachal Pradesh. Advances in Agricultural Research in India: XI; 19-26.
    29. Ram C., V. K. Batish and Sunita Grover (1996) Survey of lactic acid bacteria from buffalo raw milk for antibiotic resistance, biochemical attributes and plasmid profiles. Microbiologie-Ailments-Nutrition: 14:201-210.


    1. Kashyap V; Grover CR; De S; Panwar R; and Verma S. (2018) Enteric methane emissions and abatement approaches: a reviewInternational Journal of Livestock Research 8 (11) p1-21 DOI 5455/ijlr.20180208090406
    2. Kumar N; Kumari V; Ram C*; Thakur K, and Tomar SK (2018) Bio-prospectus of cadmium bio-adsorption by lactic acid bacteria to mitigate health and and environmental Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 102(4):1599-1615. Doi: 10.1007/ s00253-018-8743-9.
    3. Unnikrishnan, V.; Bhavadasan, M. K.; Surendranath, B. and Ram C. (2005) Chemical residues and contaminants in milk: A review. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences; 75 (5); 592- 98.


    1. Mandal, S.; Ram, C. and Raghu, H.V. (2011) Introductory dairy microbiology. A Laboratory Manual, NDRI Publication No.69/2011 (Pages: 1-95)
    2. Ram, C.; Mandal, S. and Behere PV (2013) Laboratory techniques for fluid milk and milk products. NDRI Publication No.99/2013 (Pages: 1-106)
    3. Behere P; Ram, C. and Mandal, S. (2013) “Starter cultures and fermented milk products” NDRI Publication No.107/2013 (Pages: 1-106)
    4. Behare, P.; Ram, C. Mnadal, S. and Tomar, S.K. (2017) Starter culture & fermented milk products- Laboratory Manual (NDRI Pub No. 149/2017)
    5. Ram, C.; Gupta, V.K.; Vij, S.; Kumar, N and Manju, G. (2011) Advances in processing and quality assurance of dairy foods. A Compendium of Lectures (Pages:1-400).


    1. Ram, C. and Kumar V. (2013) Probiotics and Herbs: Emerging treatment options for non alcoholic fatty liver diseases. In: Molecular Biology of Bacteria; Nova Science Publishers, Inc.400 Oser Avenue, Suite 1600 Hauppauge, NY 11788-3619. Eds: Rajrishi Kumar Gaur, and Hament, K. Gautam. Chapter-8 ; P 125-142. ISBN:978-1-62618-251-6 (e-book)  (Website: http://www. novapublishers.com)
    2. Manju G; Hussain S.H; Mishra, S. and Ram, C.(2014) Natural antimicrobials for preservation of foods. In: Recent trends in Dairy and food processing Industry- Recent trends-Part-I. Ed. Birender Kumar Mishra. Publishers: Biotech Book; Ansari Road, Darya Ganj New Delhi-11002. Chapter-13, Pages:204-230. ISBN 978-81-7622-298-3 (Vol-1)
    3. Mandal S., Hati S. and Ram C. (2016) Probiotic dairy products. In:  Fermented Milk and Dairy Products, CRC Publication, Boca, Raton, London, New York. Ed: Puniya AK. Chapter 20,pp 519-556
    4. BhagatSingh B; Ram C; Singh D; Singh NP; Singh A; Singh R; Verma R., (2017) Potential of novel bioactive peptides as functional food ingredients in preventing cardiovascular disease. In: Handbook of Food Bioengineering, Alternative and Replacement Foods. Chapter 14, Volume 17 B978-0-12-811446-9.00014-9




    1. Ram C; Bhavadasan, M. K. and Vijaya, G.V (2000) Antibiotic residues in milk. Indian Journal Dairy & Biosciences 11: 151-154
    2. Ram C. and Bhavadasan, M. K. (2001) Organic milk. Indian Journal Dairy & Biosciences 12: 105-107
    3. Ram C. and Bhavadasan, M.K. (2002) Probiotic dairy foods – present status and future perspective. Indian Dairyman54(4):53-57
    4. Manju G.; Chand Ram; Mishra, S. K. and Ranga S. (2012) Synbiotic Dairy Foods for healthy life. Indian Dairyman; 64(10);74-78.
    5. Mandal S; Hati S. and Ram C. and Prajapati J.B. (2015) Functional probiotic Dairy Foods. Indian dairyman, April’ 2015; 58-62.
    6. Panwar, R. and Ram C. (2015) Novel Strategy to combat aflatoxin Mmenace in diary industry. Indian Dairyman, Oct’ 2015: 76-79
    7. Panwar, R., Grover, C. R., Kumar, V., Ranga, S. and Kumar, N. (2015) Camel milk: Natural medicine-Boon to dairy industry. Article No. 91526. An electronic publication. http://www.dairyfoods.com/ext/resources/WhitePapers/ Camel-milk-Natural-medicin-Boon-to-dairy-industry.pdf.
    8. Panwar, R., Grover, C.R. and Kumar, N.(2015) Microbial decontamination by novel technologies -Potential for food Preservation. Technical Article, Indian Food Industry, 34 (6): 24-32.


    Name Dissertation Title Period  
    Mrs. Sunita Verma Hepatoprotective potential of probiotic Lactobacillus species against non-alcoholic steato-hepatitis in mouse model  



    Ms. Hemlata Singh Efficacy of probiotic lactobacilli against lead induced neurotoxicity in rat model  



    Ms. Sapna Rani Development of essential oil and medium chain fatty acid based formulation to mitigate mastitis in dairy animals 2017  
    Ms. Soumya Sangam Efficacy of paper strip assay for detection of sub-clinical mastitis in Sahiwal cattle